Sudbury is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. At the 2010 census, it had a population of 17,659. It's bordered by Framingham to the south, Wayland and Lincoln to the east, Maynard and Concord to the north, and Marlborough to the west.
Sudbury is rich in history. Sudbury militia participated in the Battle of Lexington and Concord, in 1775, where Sudbury members sniped on British Red Coats returning to Boston.
One of Sudbury's historic landmarks, the Wayside Inn, to be the country's oldest operating inn, built and run by the Howe family for many generations. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow wrote Tales of a Wayside Inn, a book of poems published in 1863. In the book, the poem The Landlord's Tale was the source of the immortal phrase "listen my children and you shall hear, of the midnight ride of Paul Revere." Henry Ford bought the inn in 1923, restored it and donated it to a charitable foundation which continues to run it as an operating inn to this day. Ford also built a grist mill, and the Martha–Mary Chapel. He brought in the Redstone Schoolhouse from Sterling, which was reputed to be the school in Sarah Josepha Hale's nursery rhyme Mary Had a Little Lamb. However, Giuseppi Cavicchio's refusal to sell his water rights scuttled Henry Ford's plans to build an auto parts factory. There is a site now known as Fords Folly of it.
The Sudbury Center Historic District has changed little since 1800, however, there is a new (2017) plaza known as the Meadow Walk Sudbury. The Meadow walk includes restaurants such as the Oak Barrel Tavern, Whole foods, Bridges, a memory care residence, and an adult 55+ living community.
In August 1925, a Sudbury farm was the scene of a riot between local members of the Ku Klux Klan and Irish-American youths from the area. Five people were wounded by gunshots, and the State Police arrested over 100 Klansmen. Massachusetts officials cracked down on the group's meetings thereafter, and the Klan died out in the area.
In the period after World War II, Sudbury experienced rapid growth in population and industry. Defense contractor Raytheon was a major employer, operating a large research facility in Sudbury from 1958 until 2016. From 1960–1969, Sudbury challenged and prevailed against a proposal by Boston Edison Company which would have installed overhead transmission lines through what is now Great Meadows National Wildlife Refuge. Ultimately, the line was instead buried under streets to Maynard.
Residentially, Sudbury's 1-acre (4,000 m2) zoning bylaws helped the town maintain a more rural character through the 1970s and 1980s, when developments of single-family Colonials and large Capes established it as an affluent location. Commercial growth was restricted to the town's main thoroughfare, US Route 20. Significant tracts of open space—including much wetland—were preserved in the northern half of town and into the Sudbury River at the southeast border with Wayland, Massachusetts. A significant portion of the Assabet River National Wildlife Refuge (opened in 2005) is located in Sudbury.
The town's ZIP code of 01776 was specially assigned in recognition of the town's historical connections to the Revolutionary War, according to the Sudbury Historical Society. Residents of the town at the time disagree. The code was assigned without regard to historic significance.
At the time of writing this article, the average sale price in the year 2018 was $810,000.
source:wikipedia and the web
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